Bounds and Bunching: Distributions of Air Pollutants Produced by New Automobiles
Josef Montag () and
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Marek Litzman: Faculty of Business and Economics, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 2015, vol. 63, issue 6, 2027-2033
Euro norms set limits on per-kilometer emissions of air pollutants produced by new cars. Satisfying these limits is always costly, the existing models generally assume that cars are produced as to just satisfy the norms. This theory predicts bunching of measured emissions below the limits. We find this not to be consistent with the data. In fact, medians of measured emissions are often at around one half or less of the respective limit and are supported by wide distributions. Implications for optimum tax policies are briefly discussed.
Keywords: Euro norms; air pollutants; bunching; carbon monoxide; hydrocarbon; nitrogen oxide; particulate matter; diesel; petrol (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:mup:actaun:actaun_2015063062027
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