The social shortfall and ecological overshoot of nations
Andrew L. Fanning (),
Daniel W. O’Neill,
Jason Hickel and
Additional contact information
Andrew L. Fanning: University of Leeds
Daniel W. O’Neill: University of Leeds
Jason Hickel: Autonomous University of Barcelona
Nicolas Roux: University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences
Nature Sustainability, 2022, vol. 5, issue 1, 26-36
Abstract Previous research has shown that no country currently meets the basic needs of its residents at a level of resource use that could be sustainably extended to all people globally. Using the doughnut-shaped ‘safe and just space’ framework, we analyse the historical dynamics of 11 social indicators and 6 biophysical indicators across more than 140 countries from 1992 to 2015. We find that countries tend to transgress biophysical boundaries faster than they achieve social thresholds. The number of countries overshooting biophysical boundaries increased over the period from 32–55% to 50–66%, depending on the indicator. At the same time, the number of countries achieving social thresholds increased for five social indicators (in particular life expectancy and educational enrolment), decreased for two indicators (social support and equality) and showed little change for the remaining four indicators. We also calculate ‘business-as-usual’ projections to 2050, which suggest deep transformations are needed to safeguard human and planetary health. Current trends will only deepen the ecological crisis while failing to eliminate social shortfalls.
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-021-00799-z Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nat:natsus:v:5:y:2022:i:1:d:10.1038_s41893-021-00799-z
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
Nature Sustainability is currently edited by Monica Contestabile
More articles in Nature Sustainability from Nature
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().