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Social accounting matrix and analysis of productive sectors in Mexico

Gaspar Núñez

Contaduría y Administración, 2018, vol. 63, issue 1, 9-10

Abstract: Although the Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) began to be developed almost half a century ago, and many countries have developed a SAM for their own economy, a considerable delay has been observed in Mexico. While different researchers have built a SAM, oftentimes it is not possible to validate or replicate their results, as the matrix is not published. The main objective of this work is to propose a specific methodology for the case of Mexico, and to build a SAM for the year 2003 in a transparent manner. Therefore, the proposed methodology can be discussed (improved or rectified) to apply it to the construction of broad or updated matrices for the Mexican economy, in accordance with the Mexican System of National Accounts. For its part, the SAM can be used to carry out different analyses for this period, whether structural, of Applied General Equilibrium (AGE), or others; the results of which can be replicated and thus be corroborated or rectified. Therefore, as a second objective, we used the SAM to carry out a basic characterization of the productive structure, and we calculated the General Multipliers Matrix, calculating the carry-over and dispersion indices to determine the relative importance of the sectors, and identify key and strategic sectors.

Keywords: Input - Output Table; Social Accounting Matrix; Mexico; General Multipliers; Rasmussen Indices (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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