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Indian Health Policy in Light of COVID-19: The Puzzle of State Capacity and Institutional Design

Ajay Shah

India Policy Forum, 2021, vol. 17, issue 1, 31-75

Abstract: The Coronavirus pandemic has been a severe stress test for the Indian health system. In this paper, we review India’s experience with COVID-19 in the first half of 2020. An array of initiatives are required in public health and health care in response to this experience. In testing and health care, the substantial role of the private sector needs to be recognized and integrated into thinking about health policy. There is a need to reform government organizations that wield coercive power or spend public money so as to refocus them on addressing market failures and improving state capacity. There is considerable knowledge in the field of building state capacity in India that can help in this task.

Keywords: India; COVID-19; Health Policy; Public Health; Health Care; Market Failure; State Capacity; Regulation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H11 H23 H41 H42 H77 I11 I13 I15 I18 K23 K32 O53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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