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Assessment of quality of life of the rural population in the territory of radioactive contamination

Dovzhenko Valentyna ()
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Dovzhenko Valentyna: Zhytomyr National Agroecological University

Technology audit and production reserves, 5(37) 2017, 2017, vol. 5, issue 5(37), 9-13

Abstract: Recently, the issue of reviving and returning normal radioactive contamination to the normal life of the area has been increasingly raised. For the formation of strategic directions for the restoration of production, social and economic processes in the territory of radioactive contamination, it becomes necessary to assess the current level of the quality of life of the rural population in a remote period after the accident. Therefore, an analysis of the socio-economic parameters of the quality of life of the rural population in radioactively contaminated areas is made. Demographic trends are considered, which tend to deteriorate in the remote post-accident period. However, the received results testify to insignificant interrelation between parameters of birth rate, death rate and age structure of the population and level of radioactive contamination of territory. In the process of studying the level of the incidence of the population, it is established that cardiovascular diseases, diseases of bones and joints, which are most often noted as chronic, and the population is connected with the impact of radioactive contamination of the territory. The most accessible in the field of health care for the rural population in the territory of radioactive contamination is the services of paramedic-midwife points. The study of housing and living conditions of the population living in the territory of radioactive contamination shows that the majority of residential premises in rural areas in the territory of radioactive contamination require improvement (about 90%). The level of household services for residents of contaminated areas is low, which is due to the decline of this industry. It is also determined that the incomes of the population are formed mainly at the expense of pensions and wages, and a low level of income encourages residents to self-sufficiency. Therefore, proceeding from the fact that the ultimate goal of managing the territory of radioactively contaminated rural settlements should be to improve the quality of life of its population, at the current stage it is necessary to reform the sphere of medical services, restore social infrastructure facilities and revive the economy of the region.

Keywords: quality of life; radioactively contaminated territories; demographic situation; living conditions; income level (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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