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One Year of COVID: What Impact Did the Pandemic Have on the Economic Activity of French Companies? Construction of Individual Counterfactuals and Diagnoses for 2020

Benjamin Bureau, Anne Duquerroy (), Julien Giorgi, Mathias Lé, Suzanne Scott and Frederic Vinas

Economie et Statistique / Economics and Statistics, 2022, issue 532-33, 3-23

Abstract: [eng] We study the impact of the health crisis on the activity of more than 645,000 French companies using individual data to estimate their monthly turnover. Our microsimulation model is innovative in three ways. First, we quantify the loss of activity compared with a non-crisis counterfactual situation to rethink the consequences of the crisis taking into account companies’ growth trajectories before the pandemic. Second, we estimate this shock at the individual level to study the heterogeneity of loss of business. We highlight the disparities of the shock both between and within sectors. The sector explains up to 48% of the variance of the monthly activity shocks observed in 2020, a much larger proportion than in a normal year. Finally, we identify four profiles of business trajectories in 2020. The industry is the primary determinant of belonging to these profiles. Conditionally to the sector, these profiles also correlate with the organisational adaptation of companies.

JEL-codes: D22 G38 H32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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