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Challenges and Opportunities of the EU Migration Policy

Alina Dumitrescu ()

Global Economic Observer, 2019, vol. 7, issue 1

Abstract: - The strategies for managing the international labour flows become an integral part of the debate and the European Community's political agenda. Against the backdrop of rigidities and imbalances strongly rooted in labour markets in some Member States, the European Economic and Monetary Union cannot promote competitiveness and economic growth without additional labour force. The paper will try to analysis the impact (demographic and socio-economic) of migration on EU. In my opinion, the outcome of migration can be stronger only if the level of immigration training is high, competing with the native population. The structure of the population by field of activity shows that many people in the Central and Eastern European countries can be competitive with the native population, which explains the much higher employment rate among EU migrant workers than the average EU employment rate. In order to avoid potential negative effects (social dumping, increasing the risk of dismissal of workers in the indigenous population), there are required the flexibility of the labour market institutions throughout the EU and the strengthening of social protection systems in all Member States. The research methodology is based on the analysis of the statistical data provided by the Eurostat, as well as a qualitative analysis relying on EU documents in this field and migration theories and literature review.

Keywords: migration; impact; employment; unemployment; integration; SWOT (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J08 J18 J21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-06
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