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IS DISTANCE RELEVANT FOR ROMANIAN EMIGRATION? A GRAVITY MODEL APPROACH

Zizi Goschin ()

Annals of Faculty of Economics, 2016, vol. 1, issue 2, 87-94

Abstract: The literature on migration groups the emigration-drivers into two large categories: negative circumstances in the country of origin and positive aspects of the country of destination, with geographical distance usually being a significant barrier for the migration flows. In the context of large-scale and rapidly growing international migration of Romanians, we aim to analyze the Romanian emigration stocks by country, focusing on distance as a potential factor of influence, in the framework of a gravity model. In accordance to the literature, we found that GDP and population of the receiving country, as well as linguistic and cultural links between Romania and the destination country, are all positive determinants for the magnitude of Romanian emigrant stocks. Geographical location, captured by the variable distance from Romania to the destination country, has the expected negative sign, but is not statistically significant, suggesting that in these modern times of rapid travel and instant global communications distance lost its power to hinder the migration flows.

Keywords: emigration; distance; gravity model; Romania (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J61 R11 R15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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