A New Geography of Innovation ¨C China and India Rising
Gert Bruche ()
Additional contact information
Gert Bruche: United Nations in Ankara, Turkey
Transnational Corporations Review, 2009, vol. 1, issue 4, 24-27
With some delay, the internationalization of business research and development (R&D) is following the globalization of production. Starting on a small scale during the 1970s and 1980s, the emergence of globally distributed R&D networks of multinational enterprises (MNEs) accelerated rapidly in the 1990s. This paper analyzes the ways in which the ¡°globalization of innovation¡± was facilitated and driven by a complex set of factors, including changes in trade and investment governance, improved intellectual property rights through the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, the growing ease and falling cost of communicating and traveling around the globe, and the concomitant vertical industry specialization and unbundling of value chains.
Keywords: multinational enterprises; research and development; foreign direct investment; development; policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:oul:tncr09:v:1:y:2009:i:4:p:24-27
Access Statistics for this article
More articles in Transnational Corporations Review from Ottawa United Learning Academy 1568 Merivale Rd. Suite # 618, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K2G 5Y7.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Denny Liao () and Jen Ma ().