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Uncovering Discrimination: A Comparison of the Methods Used by Scholars and Civil Rights Enforcement Officials

Stephen Ross () and John Yinger ()

American Law and Economics Review, 2006, vol. 8, issue 3, 562-614

Abstract: The responsibility for uncovering discrimination falls on both scholars and civil rights enforcement officials. Scholars ask whether discrimination exists and why it arises; enforcement officials ask whether particular firms are discriminating. This article investigates the points of commonality and divergence in these two lines of inquiry. We demonstrate a need for more research focusing on discrimination as defined by the law and for more enforcement building on the methodological lessons in the research literature. We also show that disparate-impact discrimination cannot be identified with current enforcement tools but could be identified with methods in the scholarly literature. Copyright 2006, Oxford University Press.

Date: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:oup:amlawe:v:8:y:2006:i:3:p:562-614