Economics at your fingertips  

Diverse paths to industrial development: evidence from late-nineteenth-century Canada

Kris Inwood and Ian Keay

European Review of Economic History, 2012, vol. 16, issue 3, 311-333

Abstract: Throughout the nineteenth century, industrial development took an ever-widening diversity of forms reflecting local economic circumstances. A large collection of establishment-level micro-data from the 1871 Canadian Census of Manufacturing confirms that small, rural, seasonal, labour-intensive, and hand-powered industrial establishments had internal scale economies available for exploitation, they were technically efficient, and they made input employment decisions and technological choices well suited to the environment in which they operated. This evidence and a controlled comparison with northern US firms demonstrate that industrial development could be successful under surprisingly diverse conditions, as long as these conditions did not impede the exploitation of scale economies, technical efficiency, or technological choice. Copyright , Oxford University Press.

Date: 2012
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this article

More articles in European Review of Economic History from Oxford University Press
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Oxford University Press ().

Page updated 2020-04-23
Handle: RePEc:oup:ereveh:v:16:y:2012:i:3:p:311-333