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Peer review for the evaluation of academic research: lessons from the Italian experience

Emanuela Reale, Anna Barbara and Antonio Costantini

Research Evaluation, 2007, vol. 16, issue 3, 216-228

Abstract: The aim of the paper is to control the reliability of peer review when evaluating academic research in the Three-Year Research Assessment Exercise developed in Italy. Our analysis covers four disciplinary sectors: chemistry, biology, humanities and economics. The results provide evidence that highlights strengths and weaknesses of peer review for judging the quality of the academic research in different fields of science, vis-à-vis bibliometric indicators. Moreover, some basic features of the evaluation process are discussed, to understand their usefulness for reinforcing the effectiveness of the peers' final outcome. Copyright , Beech Tree Publishing.

Date: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:oup:rseval:v:16:y:2007:i:3:p:216-228