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Vertical intra-industry trade and product quality: the case of South Korea, 1996–2003

Minsung Kang and Jeong-Dong Lee ()

Economics and Business Letters, 2012, vol. 1, issue 3, 37-47

Abstract: This paper contributes to empirical research of intra-industry trade, especially vertical intra-industry trade (VIIT), by two aspects. Firstly, we separate VIIT into higher-export-price VIIT and lower-export-price VIIT. Secondly, we give attention to R&D and FDI stock in explaining VIIT determinants. Applied to panel data representing South Korea’s bilateral trade with 15 OECD countries and Taiwan from 1996 through 2003, this alternative makes an intricate understanding of the VIIT determinants possible. Main empirical findings are that South Korea’s R&D investments focus on price competitiveness while its inward FDI seeks efficiency and its outward FDI seeks a market in this period.

Date: 2012
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