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Income Inequality and Fiscal Redistribution in 31 Countries After the Crisis

Koen Caminada (), Kees Goudswaard, Chen Wang () and Jinxian Wang ()
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Koen Caminada: Leiden University
Chen Wang: Leiden University
Jinxian Wang: Leiden University

Comparative Economic Studies, 2019, vol. 61, issue 1, 119-148

Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we analyze fiscal redistribution after the Great Recession. Are welfare states still effective in reducing income inequality? We use recent microdata from the Luxembourg Income Study to examine redistribution from transfers and income taxes, and the several underlying social programs that drive the changes in 31 countries. On average, we find that social transfers and income taxes reduce the Gini by 31%. In most countries, pensions are a dominant factor. After performing a number of sensitivity analyses, we conclude that the redistributive impact of the welfare state is still substantial.

Keywords: Welfare states; Social income transfers; Inequality; Gini coefficient (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H53 H55 I32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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