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The Impacts of Economic Growth and Governance on Migration: Evidence from Vietnam

Long Thanh Giang (), Cuong Nguyen () and Hoa Quynh Nguyen ()
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Long Thanh Giang: National Economics University
Hoa Quynh Nguyen: National Economics University

The European Journal of Development Research, 2020, vol. 32, issue 4, No 17, 1195-1229

Abstract: Abstract We examine the effect of income level and governance quality on inter-province migration in Vietnam using a gravity model. Consistent with previous studies on migration, we find that people tend to move from low-income provinces to high-income ones. Among the income components, wage income is the most important in pushing and pulling migrants. Higher non-farm income also attracts more immigrants. The migration flow is also associated with the quality of governance and public administration. Low public services and administrative procedures tend to push people to emigrate, while better control of corruption and more transparency and accountability tend to pull immigrants.

Keywords: Migration; Economic structure; Governance and public administration; Gravity model; Vietnam (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H42 J13 J16 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1057/s41287-020-00262-3

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