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Optimal Risk Financing in Large Corporations through Insurance Captives

Pierre Picard and Jean Pinquet ()

The Geneva Risk and Insurance Review, 2013, vol. 38, issue 1, 48-86

Abstract: A captive is an insurance or reinsurance company established by a parent group to finance its own risks. Captives mix internal risk pooling between the business units of the parent group and risk transfer towards the reinsurance market. We analyse captives from an optimal insurance contract perspective. The paper characterises the vertical contractual chain that links firstly business units to insurance captives or to “fronters” through insurance contracts, secondly fronters to reinsurance captives through the cession of risks and thirdly insurance or reinsurance captives to reinsurers through cessions or retrocessions. In particular, the risk cession by fronters to a reinsurance captive trades off the benefits derived from recouped premiums and from the risk-sharing advantage of an “umbrella reinsurance policy”, against the risks that result from the captive liabilities.

Date: 2013
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Working Paper: Optimal risk financing in large corporations through insurance captives (2011) Downloads
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Handle: RePEc:pal:genrir:v:38:y:2013:i:1:p:48-86