Foreign Direct Investment Theories, Entry Barriers and Reverse Investments in U.S Manufacturing Industries
Wi Saeng Kim and
Esmeralda O Lyn
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Wi Saeng Kim: Baruch College-CUNY
Esmeralda O Lyn: Hofstra University
Journal of International Business Studies, 1987, vol. 18, issue 2, 53-66
This paper investigates empirically whether industrial organization-oriented FDI theories explain the recent phenomenon of reverse foreign direct investment in the U.S. Based on the distribution of FDI in two-digit SIC manufacturing industries, we find that capital and advertising intensities act as entry barriers to foreign investments in the U.S. We also observe that foreign multinationals are attracted by the U.S. market size, and that they invest heavily in industries with intensive R&D combined with marketing efforts.© 1987 JIBS. Journal of International Business Studies (1987) 18, 53–66
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