Information Costs and Location of FDIs within the Host Country: Empirical Evidence from Italy
Sergio Mariotti and
Lucia Piscitello ()
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Sergio Mariotti: Department of Economy and Production, Politecnico di Milano
Journal of International Business Studies, 1995, vol. 26, issue 4, 815-841
The literature on foreign direct investments (FDIs) has analysed the location strategies of multinational enterprises across national borders, but there have been few studies of location decisions by foreign investors within the borders of a single country. The paper argues that the driving factors of these location choices have differing influences on indigenous and foreign investors. Specifically, foreign investors suffer from a condition of adverse asymmetry in information costs compared to insiders. Thus, foreign investors' decisions on the location of their activities within a host country mainly reflect a rational responses to the existence of information costs.In this paper, a cross-region multiple regression model is developed, with reference to a database containing detailed information on cross-border takeovers involving Italian industrial firms in the period 1986–91. Empirical evidence supports the hypothesis that the spatial distribution of inward FDIs is mainly governed by information costs. Finally, implications for future research are discussed.© 1995 JIBS. Journal of International Business Studies (1995) 26, 815–841
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