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An Empirical Analysis and Extension of the Bartlett and Ghoshal Typology of Multinational Companies

Anne-Wil Harzing
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Anne-Wil Harzing: University of Bradford

Journal of International Business Studies, 2000, vol. 31, issue 1, 120 pages

Abstract: This study offers an empirical test and extension of the Bartlett and Ghoshal typology of multinational companies (MNCs) A three-fold typology of multinational companies: Global, Multidomestic and Transnational is developed from the literature. This typology is tested using data from 166 subsidiaries of 37 MNCs, headquartered in 9 different countries. Subsidiaries in the three types of MNCs are shown to differ significantly in aspects of interdependence and local responsiveness.© 2000 JIBS. Journal of International Business Studies (2000) 31, 101–120

Date: 2000
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