Capabilities as a mediator linking resources and the international performance of entrepreneurial firms in an emerging economy
Garry Bruton and
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Yuan Lu: Department of Management, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Lianxi Zhou: Department of Marketing, International Business, and Strategy, Brock University, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada
Garry Bruton: M J Neeley School of Business, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, USA
Weiwen Li: Department of Management, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Journal of International Business Studies, 2010, vol. 41, issue 3, 419-436
This study investigates an under-researched topic: the relationships between capabilities, resources, and international performance among entrepreneurial firms in an emerging economy. We combine the resource-based view of the firm and the capability-building perspective of rent creation to shed light on the crucial role of firm-specific capabilities that transform key resources into performance outcomes. Employing a large sample of Chinese entrepreneurial firms, our investigation demonstrates that while the resources of institutional capital and managerial ties are important in the internationalization effort, their effects on international performance are channeled through each firm's adaptive capability. This adaptive capability is the firm's ability to coordinate, recombine, and allocate resources to meet the different requirements of foreign markets. Specifically, our research is able to demonstrate support for the mediating role of capabilities in the relationship between resources and international performance. The implications of these findings for theoretical development and future research are discussed.
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