Building a process model of local adaptation of practices: A study of Six Sigma implementation in Korean and US firms
Jisun Yu and
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Jisun Yu: John Molson School of Business, Concordia University, Montréal, Canada
Srilata Zaheer: Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
Journal of International Business Studies, 2010, vol. 41, issue 3, 475-499
The strategic transformation of Asian firms into global players has involved the adoption and adaptation of many organizational practices developed in the West. We build a process model of adaptation by observing how an organizational practice is adapted to a local setting different from its locus of origin, through inductive methods and case studies of Six Sigma implementation in Korean and US firms. Based on these cases, we propose a cascading, sequential pattern to the local adaptation of the conceptual, social and technical dimensions of organizational practices, reconciling conflicting views in the literature on whether or not to adapt. Our theoretical model highlights the importance of considering the different degrees of contextual influence on different underlying dimensions of a practice, and of configuring each dimension accordingly. Further, we suggest that the sequence and configuration of adaptation across different practice dimensions matter to the successful implementation of a practice across borders.
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