What is “Chinese” about Chinese multinationals?
Ravi Ramamurti () and
Additional contact information
Ravi Ramamurti: Northeastern University
Jenny Hillemann: Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Journal of International Business Studies, 2018, vol. 49, issue 1, 34-48
Abstract Buckley et al.’s (J Int Bus Studi 38(4):499–518, 2007) pioneering work concluded that the determinants of outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) from China were similar to those observed in developed countries – but with a few modifications. In this commentary, we suggest continuing their effort to understand what is distinctive about Chinese multinational enterprises (CMNEs). We look for underlying explanations that are analytically useful and potentially generalizable, unlike a firm’s nationality, which is a catch-all variable with no analytical value. Based on prior research and Ramamurti (Glob Strategy J 2(1):41–47, 2012a), we argue that the following variables help explain distinctive aspects of CMNE internationalization: (1) their “stage of evolution as a multinational enterprise,” with most CMNEs being infant MNEs rather than mature MNEs; (2) the “global context for internationalization,” which has helped CMNEs internationalize faster than it was possible in earlier decades; (3) “government-created advantages,” which complemented China’s natural endowments and for the most part improved CMNEs’ international competitiveness; and (4) “leapfrogging advantage,” which allowed late-mover Chinese firms to gain a competitive advantage in smokestack industries and some sunrise industries. These variables may also explain the behavior of MNEs from other emerging economies and are therefore candidates for inclusion in general models of the internationalization process.
Keywords: internationalization; Chinese multinationals; emerging-market multinationals; stage of development as a multinational enterprise; global context for internationalization; government-created advantages (GCA); Decade Award (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1057/s41267-017-0128-2 Abstract (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pal:jintbs:v:49:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1057_s41267-017-0128-2
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... nt/journal/41267/PS2
Access Statistics for this article
Journal of International Business Studies is currently edited by John Cantwell
More articles in Journal of International Business Studies from Palgrave Macmillan, Academy of International Business
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().