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Firm value in the airline industry: perspectives on the impact of sustainability and Covid-19

Yaghoub Abdi (), Xiaoni Li and Xavier Càmara-Turull
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Yaghoub Abdi: Universitat Rovira i Virgili Reus
Xiaoni Li: Universitat Rovira i Virgili Reus
Xavier Càmara-Turull: Universitat Rovira i Virgili Reus

Palgrave Communications, 2023, vol. 10, issue 1, 1-24

Abstract: Abstract To date, there has been limited research undertaken into firm value determinants in the air transport industry, one of the most essential sectors for global business. In view of this, in this study, we review and synthesise the literature that focuses on the value of firms in this sector and discuss conceptually and empirically the determinants influencing airlines’ stock values. Our main objective is to widen our understanding of the current state of research on the firm value of air transport companies. Using the systematic literature review (SLR) approach, we classify 173 papers published from 1984 to 2021. We find considerable changes in academic interest in the topic over the time period analysed, especially as a consequence of crisis-induced market crashes. In addition, we classify the main research themes relating to airlines’ market value, identify gaps, and introduce potential future research avenues in this area. Among the themes identified, the adjustment in the industry-level factors such as alliances, market structure and competition were the most common source of fluctuations in airlines’ stock value. However, we find shifting to sustainability initiatives and its consequence for stakeholders’ value as one of the most discussed topics in this context. The trend has gained attention since early 2020 due to the emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic as companies are looking for green and sustainable ways to protect the value in crisis time. Our findings assist transportation researchers and executives in addressing major value drivers of airline firms.

Date: 2023
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DOI: 10.1057/s41599-023-01644-8

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