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Miroslaw Biczkowski, Iwona Müller-Fraczek, Joanna Muszynska, Michal Pietrzak () and Justyna Wilk ()
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Miroslaw Biczkowski: Nicolaus Copernicus University
Iwona Müller-Fraczek: Nicolaus Copernicus University
Joanna Muszynska: Nicolaus Copernicus University

Oeconomia Copernicana, 2014, vol. 5, issue 2, 101-122

Abstract: The objective of the article was to re-define the bipolar metropolitan area within the area of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie region (NUTS 2). Concentration of metropol-itan features, as well as socio-economic situations of its communes (NUTS 5) in 2011, and also the dynamics of communes’ development in the period 2009-2011 were considered in the procedure of delimitation. Bydgoszcz and Torun, as the economically strongest cities in the region, were established as the dual core of the bipolar metropolitan area. It was assumed that the determined metropolitan area would cover the best developed and the fastest developing communes which met the following criteria of a metropolitan area: neighbourhood, continuity, compactness, maximum distance and population. The development levels of the communes were determined with the use of synthetic measure. Its values were calculated considering the economic (e.g. the amount of income) and also social (e.g. unemployment) aspects of regional development, as well as features typical of metropolitan areas, such as: well-developed sectors of R&D, knowledge-based economy and serving superior services. In the research, linear arrangement meth-ods classifying as taxonomic tools of multivariate data analysis was applied. The metropolitan area resulting from the research (BipOM) slightly differs from the Bydgoszcz-Torun Metropolitan Area (B-TOM) which was formally appointed in 2005 and composed all of the communes located within the area of the Bydgoski and Torunski districts (NUTS 4). Chelmza and Koronowo, as the less developed communes of the districts, were excluded from the new metropolitan area, while the communes of Ciechocinek, Naklo and Unislaw, belonging to the neighbouring districts of the region, were included in the BipOM due to their significant level of regional development and its dynamics. Furthermore the Inowroclaw district (bordered on the BipOM) was identified as the prospective candidate for the Bi-pOM, due to the fact that its communes demonstrate a high potential for regional development.

Keywords: delimitation; metropolitan area; synthetic measure of development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O1 R11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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Working Paper: The Delimitation of Bipolar Metropolitan Area within the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Region (2014) Downloads
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