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Financing agricultural pensions on the European continent

Andras Giday () and Tibor Tatay ()
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Andras Giday: PhD, Candidate in Economic Sciences
Tibor Tatay: PhD. habil. Associate Professor, Széchenyi István University, Department of Economic Analysis, Győr

Public Finance Quarterly, 2022, vol. 67, issue 1, 83 - 99

Abstract: Supporting agriculture in Europe is important for many reasons. On the one hand, to secure food supplies, and on the other, to ensure the sustainability of rural lifestyles. However, in recent decades, rural populations have also been affected by the ageing of the population. Different agricultural pension schemes have been set up in European countries to take account of the specificities of the agricultural sector. Agricultural pension funds typically gained more weight where the role of smaller agricultural holdings was significant and the pension system was entirely Bismarckian, nevertheless they were not introduced where a collective farm system existed in Central and Eastern Europe before 1990. In our study we have examined the different solutions. We have reviewed the changes that have taken place in recent decades. We found that in some of the countries studied, states have supplemented contributions to pension payments by up to 75-85%. We have found that it is worthwhile to encourage farmers to continue production without radical change by providing subsidies and career funding, including pensions, in order to meet social and environmental objectives.

Keywords: agriculture; pension system; public finances; sustainable farming (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H55 J43 Q01 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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