Pakistan's Experience with Manufacturing of Components for Consumer Durablest
Abdul Razzaq Kemal
The Pakistan Development Review, 1988, vol. 27, issue 4, 863-873
The experience of developed countries suggeststhat the capital-goodsindustries are transmitters of technological change and are instrumental in diffusing innovations throughout the economy.' Pakistan's manufacturing industries have largelybeen confined to consumer goods industries, such as food and textiles, which require simple technology. Industries such as machinery, automobiles, consumer durables and basic chemicals which require sophisticated technology were virtually nonexistent till the Seventies2. However,output of machinery, automobilesand consumer durables registered a sharp increase during the Eighties. Capital-goods industries may be initiated/promoted through any of three routes, evolutionary, policy-induced and vehicle assembly.3 The evolutionary method to initiate capital goods production is through the formation of skilled manpower through a gradual process starting with repairs and maintenance. The policy-induced method of developing the capital goods industries takes the form of creating skilled manpower through deliberate government policy. The vehicle assembly based capital goods production minimises initial skill requirements but helps in developing the skillsby creating demand for components and, hence, for the skilledmanpower through on-the-job-training
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