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Economic Growth and Income Inequality Relationship: Role of Credit Market Imperfection

Amina Tabassum and Muhammad Majeed ()

The Pakistan Development Review, 2008, vol. 47, issue 4, 727-743

Abstract: This paper examines the empirical relationship between economic growth and income inequality both at aggregate and regional level using more comparable data set for 69 developing countries over the period 1965-2003. The study identifies credit market imperfection in low-income developing countries as the likely reason for a strong negative relationship between income inequality and economic growth. While in short run the relationship between growth and income inequality might be positive but over time more income inequalities reduces economic growth. Moreover, this paper finds evidence that more physical and human capital investment, openness to trade and higher government spending have statistically significant impact on enhancing economic growth and reducing inequality.

Keywords: Economic Growth; Income Inequality; Poverty; Credit Market Imperfection; Trade Openness (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008
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