SOCIAL PROFITABILITY OF ALTERNATIVE RICE VARIETIES IN PAKISTAN: Basmati vs. IRRI
Rauf Azhar () and
Fakhre Mahmud ()
Pakistan Journal of Applied Economics, 1984, vol. 3, issue 2, 139-156
Pakistanâ€™s rice export earnings have increased remarkably since the early 70â€™s. Of the two major varieties grown and exported, it is the traditional variety,Basmati, which has shown an enormous potential for export earnings. The other variety, namely IRRI, was introduced in the midst of the green revolution. Although IRRIâ€™s yield has been higher as compared to Basmati, the latter has fetched a very high price in the international market. This paper attempts to estimate the social profitability of the two varieties and shows that Basmati enjoys a much higher profitability viz-a-viz IRRI. The policy implication is that the cultivation of Basmati needs to be encouraged by direct price incentives and other means.
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