CRITICAL REVIEW OF SEVERAL ASPECTS OF POPPER'S WORK IN RELATION TO THE DEMARCATION PROBLEM
Kritika některých aspektů díla K. R. Poppera ve vztahu k demarkačnímu problému
E-LOGOS, 2016, vol. 2016, issue 1, 25-45
The opening section briefly examines Popper's theory of demarcation and his views on inductive methods, the role of metaphysics in science, and falsification. Upon publication the work of this Viennese philosopher met a wide range of reactions, from partial modifications to proposals of new theories inspired by his work to complete dismissal. The main lines of critical argument against Popper's doctrine will be outlined here: I will argue that his complete rejection of inductive methodology is unjustified and will call for its partial acceptance in science. I will also challenge the shortcomings of Popper's idea of falsifiability and his demarcation criterion, the limited suitability of which will be demonstrated with typical examples of "pseudoscience" such as psychoanalysis and astrology. The last section proposes a moderate approach in the induction-deduction debate. In closing I will assess the practical value of Popper's theories in today's science.
Keywords: Demarcation problem; Karl Popper; falsifiability; inductive methods; pseudoscience; demarkační problém; falzifikovatelnost; induktivní metody; pseudověda (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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