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Kritika tzv. moderního člověka u Carla Schmitta a její přesahy

Petr Slováček

E-LOGOS, 2016, vol. 2016, issue 1, 53-68

Abstract: The presented article deals with the Carl Schmitt´s critique of modernity and modern man with the consideration of its antisemitic moments, which emerged explicitly after 1933. Author shows the anthropological fundaments of Schmitt´s position, which was laid down in his early writings such as Der Wert des Staates und die Bedeutung des Einzelnen or "Nordlicht", as to prepare to read the main texts of the Weimar era, which are especially Die politische Theologie and Der Begriff des Politischen. From this perspective, some crucial (and also shameful) texts published by Schmitt after the 1933 year are analyzed in order to state and answer the question concerning the implicit antisemitism in the anthropological and political theory of the prewar era. The conclusion of this article is as follows: Carl Schmitt political theory is based on antiindividualistic and almost completely pessimistic anthropology accompanied with the theory of secularization as a process which leads to neutralization and depolitization of the human life. The life of this sort is base and the reason for this development can be stated. In other words: the enemies of the political can be stated in a variety of ways. After the 1933 Schmitt concentrated his view on the so called Jewish roots of political and philosophical erosion of state sovereignty and the inner anarchization of the state. The article offers a polemical statement concerning the possible presupposition of this problematic attitude to Jews, which shows to be the heritage of german catholic milieu of the second half of 19. century.

Keywords: enemy; sekularization; modernity; modern man; political theology; theory of the political; antisemitism; normativism; philosophic anthropology; nepřítel; sekularizace; modernita; moderní člověk; politická teologie; teorie politična; antisemitismus; normativismus; filosofická antropologie (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Katedra filosofie, Národohospodářská fakulta, Vysoká škole ekonomická v Praze, Nám. W. Churchilla 4, 130 67 Praha 3, Česká republika

DOI: 10.18267/j.e-logos.431

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