Mothers and Daughters: Heterogeneity of German Direct Investments in the Czech Republic
Daniel Münich (),
Martin Srholec (),
Michael Moritz () and
Prague Economic Papers, 2014, vol. 2014, issue 1, 42-62
Much has been written on the distinction between vertical and horizontal foreign direct investment. However, most of the empirical literature relies on indirect and aggregated measures only. The aim of this paper is to help fill this gap by examining the differences between German affiliates in the Czech Republic and their mother companies in Germany on the basis of direct evidence on factor requirements. Using a cluster analysis on firm-level data from the unique ReLOC survey, we identify four main groups of firms that partition the sample by broad sectoral lines and by technological, educational and skill intensity of their operations within each of them. More detailed analysis of the clustering reveals that the vertical model dominates in manufacturing, while the horizontal model of investment prevails in the service sector.
Keywords: Czech Republic; Germany; multinational enterprise; cluster analysis; foreign affiliate; vertical investment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D21 F23 L16 O23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Mothers and Daughters: Heterogeneity of German Direct Investments in the Czech Republic (2012)
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