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Salaire et marché du travail chez Marx et Keynes: orthodoxie ou hétérodoxie ?

Philippe de Ville and Michel De Vroey ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Philippe R. DeVille

Cahiers d'Économie Politique, 1985, vol. 10, issue 1, 67-90

Abstract: [eng] The aim of this article is to assess the «heterodox» character of Marx' and Keynes' positions about wage and labour market theories. In a first part we present our interpretation of the distinction between «orthodox» and «heterodox» points of view. The two subsequent parts are devoted to the analysis of the contribution of Marx and Keynes in light of this distinction. Our thesis is that they both hold ambiguous positions, each for a different reason. Marx has elaborated conceptual tools which could have led him to an heterodox viewpoint ; however, he failed to draw their implications and has thereby fallen back to a position integrating wage theory into a general equilibrium approach. Keynes, on the other hand, while not really bothering about conceptual premisses, has better perceived the theoretical necessity of isolating the labour markets and to relate, at least implicitely, the domination of capital over labour to this feature. [fre] Le but de l'article est d'évaluer le caractère «hétérodoxe» des conceptions de Marx et de Keynes en matière de salaire et de marché du travail. Dans une première partie, nous donnons notre interprétation quant à ce qui oppose les points de vue «orthodoxe» et «hétérodoxe». Les deux autres parties sont consacrées respectivement à Marx et Keynes. Notre thèse est que tous deux développent des positions ambiguës. Marx élabore des prémisses conceptuelles qui pourraient l'amener à un point de vue hétérodoxe mais sans tirer de ces prémisses les conséquences nécessaires. Keynes, quant à lui, sans adopter un tel point de départ, en arrive néanmoins à poser des thèses hétérodoxes. En isolant le marché du travail de l'ensemble des autres, il met en lumière, ne fût-ce qu'implicitement, la sujétion des salariés aux capitalistes.

Date: 1985
Note: DOI:10.3406/cep.1985.998
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