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L'emprunt de la théorie économique à la tradition sociologique. Le cas du don contre-don

Yves Zenou (), Philippe Batifoulier () and Laurent Cordonnier

Revue Économique, 1992, vol. 43, issue 5, 917-946

Abstract: [eng] Use of economc theory in the sociological tradition : the case of gift exchange. . By tradition, the study of gift exchange belongs to the field of sociology. Some recent works have tried to make the connexion between economy and sociology by transposing the archaic exchange pattern (gift exchange) into our modem economic societies. The purpose of these attempts is to give some insights inlo some particular relationships, like for example, the work relationship. It appears that these insights are very limited and deceptive because of some strong hypothesis such as the perfect rationality of the agents. Nevertheless, their merits are to provide an hypothesis for the appearance of an non-intentional cooperation within an entirely non-cooperative system. Moreover, it seems that the introduction of non-utilitarist motivations in the theory of decision could help to understand the gift exchange relationship, which is a sort of compromise between moral action and interested action. [fre] L'emprunt de la théorie économique à la tradition sociologique. Le cas du don contre-don. . Le don contre-don est un objet d'étude qui appartient par tradition à la sociologie. Des travaux récents tentent de transposer les schémas de la réciprocité archaïque aux échanges qui ont cours dans la sphère économique des sociétés modernes. Le but de ces tentatives est de rendre compte de la forme atypique de certains échanges économiques, comme par exemple la relation de travail. Mais, à défaut de préciser davantage les hypothèses sur les comporte­ments des acteurs, ou en faisant reposer exclusivement le don contre-don sur la rationalité instrumentale, l'économie laisse évanouir ce nouvel objet. Le contraire exigerait, au minimum, la réintroduction de motivations non utilitaristes dans la théorie de la décision. Le don contre-don se situe en effet dans une sorte de compromis entre l'action morale et l'action intéressée.

Date: 1992
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1992.409404
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