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Régimes non démocratiques et croissance: théorie et estimation

Aristomene Varoudakis and Claude Jessua

Revue Économique, 1996, vol. 47, issue 3, 831-840

Abstract: [eng] This paper examines how different kinds of authoritarian regimes may affect long-run economic growth. On the theoretical side, non-democratic governments are differentiated according to the objectives they are likely to follow when deci­ding public spending and taxation policies. It is found that growth should be higher under « benevolent dictator » regimes, comparatively lower under « bureaucratic-authoritarian » regimes, and much slower under « predatory » regimes. A classifi­cation of non democratic countries into these three categories is attempted accor­ding to indicators of economic liberty and of the nature of their economic system. Conditional convergence tests carried out on the basis of this classification sup­port the predictions of the model. [fre] Après avoir établi une typologie des régimes non démocratiques suivant leurs objectifs de politique économique, on étudie les implications en matière de crois­sance économique de leurs choix de dépenses publiques et de taxation. En utili­sant des indicateurs composites se rapportant au type du système économique, on établit une classification des pays non démocratiques sous les différents régi­mes. Des tests de convergence conditionnelle reposant sur cette classification corroborent les prévisions du modèle théorique.

Date: 1996
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1996.409822
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