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Early Warning Models of Banking Crises: VIX and High Profits

Piotr Bańbuła () and Marcin Pietrzak ()
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Piotr Bańbuła: Narodowy Bank Polski
Marcin Pietrzak: Brown University

Central European Journal of Economic Modelling and Econometrics, 2021, vol. 13, issue 4, 381-403

Abstract: We built a logistic regression Early Warning Models (EWM) for banking crises in a panel of 47 countries based on data from 1970–2014 using candidate variables that cover macro and financial market indicators. We find that VIX, a proxy of global risk-premium, has a strong signalling properties and that low VIX (low price of risk) increases likelihood of crisis. It does not only mean that stability leads to instability, but that this tends to be a global rather than a domestic phenomenon. We also find that particularly high contribution of financial sector to GDP growth often precedes crises, suggesting that such instances are primarily driven by excessive risk taking by financial sector and may not necessarily be sustainable. Other variables that feature prominently include credit and residential prices. Models using multiple variable clearly outperform single variable models, with probability of correct signal extraction exceeding 0.9. Our setting includes country-specific information without using country-specific effects in a regression, which allows for direct application of EWM we obtain to any country, including these that have not experienced a banking crisis.

Keywords: early warning models; financial stability (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E44 G01 G21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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