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Clarifying the Notion of Digital Transformation: A Transdisciplinary Review of Literature

Tobias Riasanow, David Soto Setzke, Markus Böhm and Helmut Krcmar

Journal of Competences, Strategy & Management, 2019, vol. 10, 5-31

Abstract: We refer to the organizational transformation process of using digital technologies to radically transform organizations as digital transformation. Yet, within and in-between management, organization science, and information systems literature, there is considerable disagreement on the characteristics of an organization’s digital transformation. Hence, we conduct a transdisciplinary review of literature, spanning 175 articles, regarding digital transformation and prior achievements regarding organizational transformation. As result, we identified twelve schools of thought to discuss the phenomenon of digital transformation. We show that digital transformation is building on existing schools of thought, while highlighting new ones, such as digital innovation and ecosystem.

Keywords: digital transformation; organizational transformation; literature review (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: M15 O30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Journal of Competences, Strategy & Management is currently edited by Prof. Dr. Klaus Bellmann, University of Mainz, Germany, Prof. Dr. Christoph Burmann, University of Bremen, Germany, Prof. Dr. Jörg Freiling, University of Bremen, Germany (Editor-in-Chief), Prof. Dr. Hans-Georg Gemünden, Technical University of Berlin, Germany, Prof. Dr. Wolfgang H. Güttel, University of Linz, Austria, Prof. Dr. Hans H. Hinterhuber, University of Innsbruck, Austria, Interim Prof. Dr. Sven M. Laudien, University of Magdeburg, Germany, Prof. Dr. Dietrich von der Oelsnitz, Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany, Prof. Dr. Heike Proff, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany, Prof. Dr. Christoph Rasche, University of Potsdam, Germany, Prof. Dr. Michael Stephan, University of Marburg, Germany and Prof. Dr. Erich Zahn, University of Stuttgart, Germany

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