Developing information and communications technology to provide more intelligence and leverage more wisdom for a dramatically changing World -Part 4-
Romanian Distribution Committee Magazine, 2022, vol. 13, issue 4, 17-31
The paper analyses the context of the increasing complexity of World evolutions, now manifesting by the multi-crises we began to face and suffer from, which leads to unpredictable challenges for our ecosystem, resulting from unprecedently complicated and unsustainable processes of this system, as we could count here the climate changes, social and geopolitical unbalances or Earth resources fading. Along with such premises, largely known, we consider, for a more efficacy approach, to also include the role of humankind nature/behaviour and evolution along with these processes, in order to find how we have arrived to this point/level of dramatism at Earth scale and the ways toward appropriate solutions. We believe that, usually, the larger the humankind power, the probability of going to unsafe/unsustainable directions, or even failing the target, is slightly increasing. More than these, from a long history, we know that humankind potential has a dual face: to construct and to destroy. As a matter of fact, we consider that, generally, the fundamental problem of humankind evolution was and remain just our ability to balance this duality for a sustainable/constructive progress, but here the news is that the actual levels of power, complexity and Earth resources, which humankind could use, arrived in a critical combination of parameters. This actual critical combination could be seen like a very sharp sword, for which the technology provided highly strong materials but humankind decisions positive potential, in spite of the science unprecedented progress, is highly impaired by the highly complex and complicated processes of Earth ecosystem. For a more realistic image of the factors to be approached for an optimization analysis, when estimating the actual premises, we consider to count perhaps the most influent, but difficult to control factors of the aimed balance: the ever changing/subjective role of human personality and the crucial multiplying role of technology, where information and communication technology (ICT) is the most prevailing. We think that the education is the main way to change the people toward a better World and the combination of human intelligence (HI) and artificial intelligence (AI), we already approached , is and will be more and more linked with ICT sustainable development. Among the few certainties of the new normality, we are looking for, the necessity of new paradigms for a multicriteria approach, along with the relativity of any optimization solution in a complex, complicate and interconnected Earth ecosystem of highly dynamic processes, should be included. As relevant ICT advances, AI is the most complex and also promising, but any optimization should address both measuring and metrics, which are real challenges to define and design for the complex and complicate subsystems of Earth ecosystem, especially for those parts of the processes where ICT/AI is largely involved. Addressing these issues, the paper analyses a comprehensible example for the multi-criteria approach and the relativity of AI development optimization , approaching both AI measuring and metric. Although, apparently, the main issue and criteria of the optimization is energy efficiency (among the most important performance parameter for present and future ICT systems), for AI unprecedented advances and expansion this is far from being enough to be considered, especially because of the inherent diversity and complexity of the potential AI applications World-wide. Beyond competition aspects, we noticed the technology advances implications, as AI accelerator chips, which could make the difference in certain areas of applications. Even with such complex AI benchmarks, in the actual dynamic ICT/AI context, it is very difficult to generally optimize/rank the technology advances, but they still provide means to evaluate the typical applications performance differences. Another analysed example, also presenting systemic covering and relevance at Earth scale, referred to the implications of developing safe ICT applications for the huge industry of modern cars, aiming the proper protection/reliability against cyberattacks . The crucial importance of cars industry must be also understood in the crises emergent context, but inherently from multi-criteria point of view (sustainability, energy, reliability, security etc.), being a special part of World critical infrastructure/services. The complex dependence on ICT was proved, this way, more than obvious and highly increasing, in the Earth ecosystem expansion, generating more complex challenges at different levels of development, even when considering the standardization at the United Nations (UN) level, which is surely more and more necessary, as the diversity and complexity increase in every industry. From the resulted list of requirements for achieving a proper protection/reliability against cyberattacks, we could notice that optimizing such complex and dynamic industry/domain is involving a lot of interdependent processes, along with associated human inputs/outputs which are surely relative and time sensitive factors. Further, we noticed that the ICT optimal development analyses should be extended by deeper refining of context knowledge and multi-criteria optimization at Earth scale and humankind behaviour level. Using one of the special features of ICT development, we consider that a systemic approach should include the proper information management in order to maximize the efficacy and efficiency of optimization analyses, i.e., to refine knowledge in a continuously manner regarding the multi - crises challenges implications on short and long term, but taking into account the unprecedented high level of incertitude and changing which must alter the actual paradigms of development. There are many lessons to be learned from the cars example/case, as the modern car (especially the emerging self-driving one), along with the smartphone, are perhaps the most relevant symbols of humankind technology progress, where ICT advances impact is more than essential. Still, the protection of modern cars, although a planetary issue with dynamic challenges, considering the increasing complexity and the extended proliferation, is only a facet of World picture, but still relevant here by the impact of ICT involved applications and their fast advances. In fact, all the World seems to be a fast and complicated car, moving still faster by the ICT impact, but sometimes we wonder where to and which are the chances to safely get there! Recalling the mentioned essential role of the proper information management in the modern cars huge industry, the information context and risk factors evaluation must be also considered, for intelligent cars, but also for the rest of the World led by ICT advances. Finally, concrete ways to attend the needed target in the complicate and changing environment of hostile factors could be found by practical sets of measures which should be followed and continuously improved in processes of check and act type. Paper analysis, which aimed more general and large covering approaches, using the ICT potential at Earth ecosystem scale, also considered the comprehensive frame of the information security standard, given by ISO 27001, the world's best-known standard for information security management systems (ISMS), which provides a coherent and holistic approach (meaning that the entire organization is covered, not just IT ), i.e., here we have the evidence that the link between information and all the Earth ecosystem is essential, real and functional, as the information is the operational element of the systemic approach. This way, the understanding of refining knowledge, i.e., the highest way/level of benefit from information, is clear, as we have to approach introspections on how the most complex actual challenges could be identified and step by step treated using actual data/information/knowledge, new models and innovation. Finally, for the considered ICT role in the World dramatic/crises context and emergence, the analyses must be further focused on testing the resilience of the associated complex systems, i.e., the appropriate models of the Earth ecosystem context. This way, engineering and designing complex and interconnected systems become a major goal of the actual ICT development, as resulted from another relevant example . As seen in the case of modern cars industry, testing procedures are not enough if the knowledge is not continuously refined, i.e., using actual data, new paradigms and human innovation/imagination. In concrete approaches, refining knowledge means that we have to change paradigm, use data of actual crises and challenges, along with needed support. Along with these technical/logical ingredients, in order to get wisdom solutions, perhaps the most difficult of them is to identify and introduce those human weighting factors (as behaviors) that meet the wisdom which corresponds to the actual context and provides the sustainable evolution and sometimes even the surviving requirements for the Earth ecosystem and humankind progress, as it is, indirectly, confirmed by too, where a ray of hope could be imagined, as there exists an inherent ability to survive and bounce back, but, in addition, we should also consider the need to be in natural ecosystems, i.e., to benefit from their potential of adapting and surviving. Practically, using also the huge potential of AI/ICT, we have to count our differences versus a natural ecosystem and mitigate the consequences, focusing on climate changes, Earth resources fading etc. As main conclusion, we consider that, for meeting wisdom , in such complex and dramatic World context we live in, deeper and timely analyses should continue, keeping in mind the necessity to achieve what it seems that we have lost: the (natural) chances of our Earth ecosystem to adapt and survive.
Keywords: artificial intelligence performance; cybersecurity; modern cars; refining knowledge; accelerator chips; ISO/IEC 27001; resilience of complex systems (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L63 L86 M15 O31 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:rdc:journl:v:13:y:2022:i:4:p:17-31
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