Developing Information and Communications Technologies with More Artificial Intelligence, Using Artificial Intelligence, When Internet of Things is “Intelligence Everywhere” Part 1
Romanian Distribution Committee Magazine, 2016, vol. 7, issue 4, 10-19
The paper is approaching the systemic analysis of the emergency of advanced artificial intelligence (AI) systems and generally of AI in the context of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) exponential evolution and proliferation, as main driving factor of the transformation of the Information society (IS) toward Knowledge Based Society (KBS). The paper analysis presents the AI premises to be a potential revolutionary step in ICT development, having, naturally, challenges of the same scale, because of the complex convergence of the state-of-the art AI technologies with Internet of Things (IoT) networks (IoT is “intelligence everywhere”!) and Big Data, applying with exponentially pace/performance at Earth scale. Security, ethical, moral or legal rules are identified as the prominent challenges of the exponential pace/performance and planetary expansion of AI/ICT, addressed to humankind in IS toward KBS on Earth. Among the challenges, security is first, because the benefits of the AI/ICT progress have got such a huge level and horizontal expansion in autonomous systems and processes, as our lives depend dramatically on their reliable and safe operation .Consequently, the solution is not to stop AI/ICT progress, but to use our actual intelligence and refined knowledge in order to‘’build robots we can trust’’ and generally ICT we can trust.From security point of view, developing ICT with more artificial intelligence, using artificial intelligence could create sensible risks against the essential requirements on ethical, moral or legal rules. In detail, the analysis confirms that in the (actual or next) stage of AI/ICT development we can lose the safe limit of control for AI, when imbedded ‘’intelligence’’ (as performance and technology level) is pushing us to think that we can trust in higher or total (100%) autonomy of the new AI systems only because the technology can support that (level of autonomy)! Paper proposition is that the essence of “fight” (against advanced AI vulnerabilities) strategy has to be the plenary use of the only (long term) advantage human could have over AI (machine): the imagination potential. Consequently, when developing advanced AI/ICT (especially advanced robots), we have to use the most advanced refined knowledge plus our imagination maximum potential, aiming with priority two main objectives. First we must be sure that human subjective criteria are cleared (know yourself) by refined knowledge based on security, ethical, moral or legal rules. Then, analyse all possible scenarios of “fight” (against advanced AI vulnerabilities). Technically we can win the “fight” (against advanced AI vulnerabilities) only if applying the advantage of using similar refined knowledge, but exceeding by human (unlimited) imagination the analysis advanced AI could perform based on learning processes it could have passed. The analysis concludes with the crucial importance of models and algorithms the specialists could use to apply the more and more performant available technology, because this amazing AI/ICT performance and proliferation at planetary scale are the main premises to create functional vulnerabilities (risks) unless backing solutions to timely compensate them are provided by appropriate models and algorithms.
Keywords: advanced artificial intelligence; autonomous systems and processes; Internet of Things; Big Data; information society; knowledge based society; autonomous weapons (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L63 L86 M15 O31 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:rdc:journl:v:7:y:2016:i:4:p:10-19
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