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The Gender Unemployment Gap

Stefania Albanesi () and Aysegul Sahin ()

Review of Economic Dynamics, 2018, vol. 30, 47-67

Abstract: The gender unemployment gap, the difference between female and male unemployment rates, was positive until the early 1980s. This gap disappeared after 1983, except during recessions, when men's unemployment rate has always exceeded women's. Using a calibrated three-state search model, we show that the convergence in female and male labor force attachment accounts for most of the closing of the gender unemployment gap. Evidence from nineteen OECD countries is consistent with this finding. We show that gender differences in industry composition are the main source of the cyclicality of the unemployment gap. (Copyright: Elsevier)

Keywords: Unemployment rate; Gender unemployment gap; Gender wage gap; Labor force participation; Employment flows (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 J16 J22 J64 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1016/j.red.2017.12.005

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