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From Physical to Human Capital Accumulation: Effects of Mortality Changes

Keiya Minamimura and Daisihin Yasui
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Keiya Minamimura: Kansai Gaidai University
Daisihin Yasui: Kyoto University

Review of Economic Dynamics, 2019, vol. 34, 103-120

Abstract: This paper develops a growth model à la Galor and Moav (2004) that captures the replacement of physical capital accumulation by human capital accumulation as the prime engine of growth. We show that (i) decreased mortality promotes this replacement, and (ii) the effect of a decrease in mortality on per-capita income differs across the phases of the development process. A notable prediction of our theory is that the higher the level of education in an economy, the more likely it is that a decrease in mortality will increase income per capita. Using finite mixture models, we show that this prediction is supported by the data. Our results provide a new interpretation on the negative effect of life expectancy on growth reported by Acemoglu and Johnson (2007). (Copyright: Elsevier)

Keywords: Growth; Mortality; Human capital; Overlapping generations model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I10 J10 O11 O40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1016/j.red.2019.03.005

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