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Colombia en las dos fases de globalización

Salomon Kalmanovitz

Revista de Economía Institucional, 2007, vol. 9, issue 17, 43-74

Abstract: The historians of the globalization process divide it in two great periods: 1860 to 1914, followed by the disintegration of trade, capital and labor flows, and from 1950 to the present. This essay attempts to understand the performance of the Colombian economy during the two globalizations. In spite of entering into the first phase late, it did very well, maybe because its point of departure on the scale of development was extremely low. The participation of the flows of trade and capital in its gross product increased systematically until 1930. In the second phase, however, Colombia’s performance was mediocre, with high barriers imposed against trade and foreign investment, while at the same time its financial sector was repressed to benefit some agents with political power.

Keywords: Colombia; globalization; economic development; international trade (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F13 F15 F43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007
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