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Productividad laboral regional en el sector manufacturero de Mexico, 2007-2016

Jorge Eduardo Mendoza Cota

Revista de Estudios Regionales, 2021, vol. 2, 15-41

Abstract: Resumen:La productividad laboral del sector manufacturero es analizada para el periodo 2007-2016. La productividad laboral del trabajo de la economía mexicana ha crecido lentamente. El sector manufacturero ha crecido a un ritmo ligeramente superior que la productividad laboral al nivel nacional. Los estados de la frontera norte mostraron una caída de la tasa de crecimiento de la productividad laboral mientras que los estados centrales incrementaron su crecimiento. Se estimó un modelo Durbin espacial. Los resultados mostraron que la inversión extranjera directa, la capacitación de trabajadores y la formación bruta de capital fijo tuvieron efectos positivos en la productividad laboral.Abstract:The paper analyzes the labor productivity of the Mexican manufacturing sector during the period 2007-2016. Manufacturing labor productivity has grown slowly, but slightly faster than the national average. The Northern border states have shown a decline in the rate of growth of labor productivity, whereas states of the central region have accelerated their rate of growth. Labor productivity at the regional level showed positive spatial correlation; therefore, a spatial Durbin panel model was estimated. The results showed that foreign direct investment, technical schooling, gross capital formation and labor training have had positive effects on labor productivity growth.

Keywords: Productividad Laboral; México; Manufacturas; Calidad de la Educación Superior; Análisis Espacial; Inversión Extranjera Directa.; Labor Productivity; Manufactures; Schooling; Spatial Análisis; Foreign Direct Investment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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