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TANF Participation and Intimate Partner Violence: Exploring Barriers to Self-Sufficiency

Johanna Thomas, Shannon Collier-Tenison, December Maxwell and Cody Cheek

International Journal of Social Science Studies, 2017, vol. 5, issue 12, 20-31

Abstract: Interpersonal Violence (IPV) is regarded as a primary barrier to employment for women in poverty. For recipients of Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), required to participate in work-related activities, experiences of IPV threatens the ability to meet work requirements, resulting in sanctions, if they do not have exemptions through a domestic violence option (DVO) waiver. The purpose of the current study was to assess the effects of IPV on self-sufficiency in a sample of TANF participants. Data for the study were collected from a mail survey instrument sent to 2,000 randomly selected TANF recipients in one state in the U.S. Findings indicate the majority of the sample (N=525) was female (96%), non-white (73%), and single (86%). One-third of respondents experienced IPV and 29% experienced IPV within the past year. Approximately half of the respondents sustained a physical injury and 29% reported trouble working due to IPV. Non-parametric correlation analysis indicated those who reported IPV were less likely to be employed (p

Keywords: TANF; interpersonal violence; self-sufficiency; poverty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Handle: RePEc:rfa:journl:v:5:y:2017:i:12:p:20-31