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Genetically Modified Rice Adoption: Implications for Welfare and Poverty Alleviation

Kym Anderson () and Lee Ann Jackson ()
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Lee Ann Jackson: World Trade Organization, Postal: Agricultural and Commodities Division, World Trade Organization,, 154, rue de Lausanne, CH-1211, Geneva 21, Switzerland

Journal of Economic Integration, 2005, vol. 20, 771-788

Abstract: The first generation of genetically modified (GM) crop varieties sought to increase farmer profitability through cost reductions or higher yields. The next generation of GM food research is focusing also on breeding for attributes of interest to consumers, beginning with ‘golden rice’, which has been genetically engineered to contain a higher level of vitamin A and thereby boost the health of poor people in developing countries. This paper analyses empirically the potential economic effects of adopting both types of innovation in Asia, including its impact on rice producers and other poor households. It does so using the global economy-wide computable general equilibrium model known as GTAP. The results suggest the very considerable farm productivity gains (even if extended beyond GM rice to include those from adopting other GM grains and oilseeds) could be exceeded by the welfare gains resulting from the potential health-enhancingattributes of golden rice, which would boost the productivity of unskilled workers among Asia’s poor.

Keywords: GMOs; Golden rice; Consumer preferences; Nutritional attributes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C68 D58 F13 O30 Q17 Q18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2005
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