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The Impact of Information and Communication Technology Development Index (IDI) on Corruption in Middle-Income Countries

Nader Mehregan (), Bahram Sahabi () and Maryam Mohammadamini ()
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Nader Mehregan: Professor of Economics, Bu-Ali Sina University
Bahram Sahabi: Assistant Professor of Economics, Tarbiat Modares University
Maryam Mohammadamini: M.A. in Economics, Tarbiat Modares University

Quarterly Journal of Applied Theories of Economics, 2015, vol. 2, issue 2, 43-60

Abstract: Corruption is one of the major obstacles to growth and economic development and countries try to control it. In this regard, one way to control it can be the use of information and communications technology capabilities in informatics, creating awareness, electronization of operational processes, transparency, etc. Based on this, the present study has examined the impact of ICT on reducing administrative corruption. The results obtained from 77 countries with an average income using panel data regression and generalized least squares methods have shown that by increasing the ICT development index (IDI) and its two components (access and use), corruption reduces. However, IDI skill component has a negative effect on the level of corruption in the sample. In addition, the results show a reduction in corruption with increasing per capita income and democracy.

Keywords: Corruption; Information and Communication Technology; Democracy; Per Capita Income. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 D73 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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