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Investigating the Effects of Social Welfare on Brain Drain in Developing Countries

Ali Moftakhari (), Mohammad Jafari (), Esmail Abunoori () and Younes Nademi
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Ali Moftakhari: PhD student in Economics, University of Lorestan
Mohammad Jafari: Associate Professor of Economics, University of Lorestan
Esmail Abunoori: Professor of Economics, University of Semnan

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Esmaiel Abounoori ()

Quarterly Journal of Applied Theories of Economics, 2021, vol. 8, issue 2, 1-34

Abstract: The study of the effects of social welfare on brain drain as a social phenomenon in the process of development and growth of countries has a decisive role and various aspects and areas in developing countries have always been affected by this category. One of the goals of societies in today's world is to increase the level of social welfare of individuals. The quality and quantity of life and the level of social welfare in countries is one of the most important criteria for development. Accordingly, one of the most important goals of economic planners is to increase social welfare as an important factor in order to attract elites in developed societies. On the other hand, countries with poor social welfare levels are witnessing brain drain and the migration of their educated people. In this study, we intend to investigate the effects of social welfare on brain drain during the years 2002-2018 and based on data from official economic statistics centers such as World Bank data and immigration data in developing countries. The econometric method used is the Generalized Moment of Method (GMM). The results show that the first brain drain and freedom of expression have a positive effect on brain drain from developing countries (countries of origin) to the United States of America (destination country) and social welfare, political stability, health and public health have a negative effect on brain drain. And has had elite migration.

Keywords: Brain Drain; Social Welfare; Panel data model; Developing countries. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: B52 C51 D60 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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Quarterly Journal of Applied Theories of Economics is currently edited by Sakineh Sojoodi

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