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Computable General Equilibrium (CGE)Analysis of the Effects of Rising of Payroll Tax Rate in Iran Economy

Ahmad Chehraghani ()
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Ahmad Chehraghani: PhD in Economics, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

Quarterly Journal of Applied Theories of Economics, 2022, vol. 8, issue 4, 285-318

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the economic effects of rising of payroll tax rate in Iran economy. For this purpose, the Computable General Equilibrium model (CGE) has been used. Data are taken from the Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) of Iran in 2011, prepared by the Parliamentary Research Center in 2015, which is the latest SAM in Iran. The data are analyzed in the form of standard computable general equilibrium model (CGE) by Lafgren et al. (2002) using GAMS software. The policy analysis has been done in the form of three scenarios of 5%, 10% and 15% increase in the payroll tax rate. The results show that increasing the payroll tax rate, increases the level of wages, reduces the level of employment, increases inflation, reduces GDP, increases government revenues and expenditures, reduces household expenditures and increases total absorption. Based on the above results, it is suggested that the government refrain from raising the payroll tax rate in the current condition of the Iran economy

Keywords: Payroll Tax; Social Accounting Matrix (SAM); Computable General Equilibrium (CGE); Lofgren Model; Tax Rate (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C68 E16 H25 J21 J31 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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