EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Import Substitution Potential and Gains from Economic Integration: Disaggregated Estimations

Потенциал импортозамещения и выгоды от экономической интеграции: дезагрегированные оценки

Apokin, Alexander (Апокин, Александр) (), Andrey Gnidchenko and Ekaterina Sabelnikova
Additional contact information
Apokin, Alexander (Апокин, Александр): Center for Macroeconomic Analysis and Short-Term Forecasting

Economic Policy, 2017, vol. 2, 44-71

Abstract: In the article, we focus on measuring gains from integration in the form of import substitution at the 4-digit HS2007 commodity level (1199 groups) and EBOPS services (11 groups). Integration studies based on CGE models and gravity equations usually provide the less accurate results the more detailed level of commodity disaggregation is used. We propose a new approach to estimate gains from integration in the form of import substitution, based on the “product space” concept developed by Hausmann and Klinger (2007) [The Structure of the Product Space and the Evolution of Comparative Advantage; CID Working Paper No. 146]. In our approach, the main driver of import substitution is the difference between actual and potential comparative advantages. Our method relies on international trade data to estimate the reduction in import value of those goods and services that are heavily imported by a country. We calculate the gains for the Eurasian Economic Union and show that machinery, chemicals and some services benefit much from integration in the form of import substitution. As a whole, integration seems to be a minor factor of the import substitution potential (only 5.5 percent of potential reduction in imports is associated with integration). However, integration is the major factor for some goods and services, such as telecommunication and transport services, transmission shafts and cranks, insecticides, fungicides and herbicides, motor vehicles for the transport of goods, orthopaedic appliances and hearing aids (for these products and services, the contribution of integration to import substitution potential exceeds 50 percent)

Keywords: import substitution potential; economic integration; Eurasian Economic Union; import of commodities; import of services (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F14 F15 F17 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
ftp://w82.ranepa.ru/rnp/ecopol/ep1712.pdf

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:rnp:ecopol:ep1712

Access Statistics for this article

Economic Policy is currently edited by Vladimir Mau

More articles in Economic Policy from Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by RANEPA maintainer ().

 
Page updated 2019-11-14
Handle: RePEc:rnp:ecopol:ep1712