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THE INFLUENCE OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE EFFICIENCY OF AGRICULTURE

Cristian Silviu Banacu and Bianca Georgiana Olaru

Proceedings of the INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE, 2017, vol. 11, issue 1, 1015-1021

Abstract: In present, the effects of climate change on agricultural crops necessary for food security are becoming increasingly apparent and in the last few years there have been negative manifestations that have led to declining agricultural productivity. Therefore, as a result of this decline in agricultural productivity, changes in consumer prices and trade in comparative advantage occurred. This article aims to correlate the biophysical and socio-economic indicators in order to create an overall picture of the influence of climate change on agricultural efficiency. Climate change is different from one area to another and at regional level these changes and their effects may be less visible. However, variability and climate change can lead to the degradation of food security, especially in vulnerable areas. In this way, it is desirable to attract investments from internal or external funds for adaptation to climate change, as well as avoiding harmful effects on the agricultural crops and local communities. The main factors that can influence the current state of agriculture are of a biological, physical and socio-economic nature. So, it can be stated that crop production can be affected by biophysical factors through temperature variation, temperature increase, rainfall regime change, and increased atmospheric carbon dioxide. Consequently, adaptation to climate change has the role of helping to reduce the number of negative effects due to changes hoping to improve the positive environmental impacts.

Keywords: climate change; agricultural efficiency; food security; socio-economic and biophysical indicators (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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