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UNDERSTANDING A SMART CITY. SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL PERSPECTIVES. FROM SMART CITIES TO INTELLIGENT COMMUNITIES

Nicoleta Petrica and Stefanija Birova

Proceedings of the INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE, 2018, vol. 12, issue 1, 1-9

Abstract: This paper seeks to understand the social, economical and political perspectives of a smart city and the efforts to transform itself in a better, livable place for all its citizens. We know that urban agglomerations are at an unprecedented level of growth. The public sector tries to link with stakeholders to prevent the rapid urbanization being a crisis and trying to come up with solutions for these problems, such as dealing with scarcity of resources and replacing them with positive resources instead of negative resources (Friedman, 2010), the aging infrastructure, air pollution caused by emissions of greenhouse gases. In this paper we will see that one approach can be to emerge three factors (the social, political and organizational, economic factors) and not take them as separate entities. We have example of good practices from our neighbors in Europe, but a perfect smart city does not exist; we have Paris who is recognized as the most popular destination for tourists, but lacks in social cohesion (according to Forbes), Barcelona has made great lengths in managing traffic congestion and made remarkable efforts in having smart sustainable energy projects, but needs a changing in the quality of governance. We went to great altitudes in Romania also. We can praise the efforts of Alba Iulia on focusing on the relationship with the citizens – one project which was successfully implemented was e-ticketing and an application that allows the citizens to interact directly under dispatching regime. This paper tries through the political and economical context as well as the social inclusion and initiatives to collect and see in a thoroughly manner the strategies that make an ordinary city into a smart city.

Keywords: ICT; innovation; smart city; sustainable development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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